Eid ul Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is a significant Muslim holiday celebrated worldwide. It falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic lunar calendar. This festival commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son Isma’il (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to God. However, before the sacrifice could take place, God provided a ram to be sacrificed instead.

Eid ul Adha is a time for reflection, sacrifice, and giving thanks for blessings. It is a joyous occasion where Muslims come together to pray, feast, and celebrate with family and friends. The day begins with a special Eid prayer at the mosque, followed by the sacrifice of an animal, usually a sheep, goat, cow, or camel. The meat is then divided into three parts: one part for the family, one for relatives and neighbors, and one for the less fortunate.

The Significance of Eid ul Adha

Eid ul Adha holds great significance in Islam and teaches valuable lessons of faith, obedience, and generosity. It symbolizes Prophet Ibrahim’s unwavering devotion to God and serves as a reminder of the importance of sacrifice in the path of righteousness. Muslims believe that by sacrificing an animal and sharing the meat with others, they are following in the footsteps of Prophet Ibrahim and demonstrating their willingness to give back to the community and help those in need.

Traditions and Customs of Eid ul Adha

Sacrifice (Qurbani)

  • Qurbani refers to the act of sacrificing an animal during Eid ul Adha.
  • It is obligatory for those who can afford it and is performed after the Eid prayer.
  • The meat is then distributed among family, friends, and the less fortunate.

Eid Prayer

  • Muslims gather at the mosque to perform a special Eid prayer in congregation.
  • The prayer consists of two units and is followed by a sermon (khutbah) emphasizing the significance of Eid ul Adha.

Charity (Zakat)

  • Zakat al-Fitr is a form of charity given by Muslims before the Eid prayer.
  • It is meant to purify those who fasted during Ramadan and provide for the less fortunate on Eid.

Celebrating Eid ul Adha Around the World

Eid ul Adha is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm in Muslim-majority countries and among Muslim communities worldwide. Each region has its own unique customs and traditions that add to the richness of the celebrations. Here are some ways Eid ul Adha is celebrated around the world:

Saudi Arabia

  • In Saudi Arabia, home to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, Eid ul Adha is a grand affair with massive congregational prayers held at the Grand Mosque in Mecca.
  • Pilgrims who have performed Hajj often partake in the Qurbani ritual in the city of Mina.


  • In Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country, Eid ul Adha is known as Idul Adha or Hari Raya Haji.
  • Families dress in their best clothes and attend prayers at the mosque before sacrificing an animal and distributing the meat to those in need.


  • Pakistan observes Eid ul Adha with great pomp and show, with families coming together to perform the Qurbani ritual.
  • The streets are filled with the sound of animal vendors selling livestock for sacrifice.

United States

  • In the United States, Muslim communities celebrate Eid ul Adha by attending prayers at mosques and gathering for festive meals with family and friends.
  • Many mosques organize community events and charity drives to help those in need.

Tips for Celebrating Eid ul Adha

  • Attend the Eid prayer: Start your day by attending the Eid prayer at the mosque with your family.
  • Perform Qurbani: If possible, participate in the Qurbani ritual and share the meat with those around you.
  • Exchange greetings: Wish your family and friends “Eid Mubarak” or “Happy Eid” to spread joy and blessings.
  • Give to charity: Consider donating to those in need or volunteering at a local organization to make a positive impact.
  • Celebrate with loved ones: Enjoy a festive meal with your loved ones and create lasting memories together.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the difference between Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha?

  • Eid ul Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting, while Eid ul Adha commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Isma’il.

2. Why is Eid ul Adha also known as the Festival of Sacrifice?

  • Eid ul Adha is known as the Festival of Sacrifice because of the Qurbani ritual where Muslims sacrifice an animal as an act of obedience and devotion to God.

3. Who is required to perform the Qurbani ritual?

  • Those who meet the criteria of wealth, such as owning a certain amount of savings or property, are required to perform the Qurbani ritual.

4. How can one celebrate Eid ul Adha if they are not able to perform Qurbani?

  • One can still celebrate Eid ul Adha by attending the Eid prayer, exchanging greetings, giving to charity, and spending time with family and friends.

5. What is the significance of distributing the meat from the Qurbani sacrifice?

  • The distribution of meat symbolizes sharing blessings with others, strengthening community bonds, and providing for the less fortunate.

6. Can you perform Qurbani on behalf of someone else?

  • Yes, you can perform Qurbani on behalf of someone else, such as a family member or a deceased loved one, as long as the intention is made clear.

7. How can non-Muslims participate in Eid ul Adha celebrations?

  • Non-Muslims can participate in Eid ul Adha celebrations by attending community events, learning about the significance of the holiday, and joining in acts of charity and kindness.

8. Is there a specific dress code for Eid ul Adha?

  • While there is no specific dress code, it is recommended to wear clean and modest clothing when attending the Eid prayer and celebrating with family and friends.

9. What should one do on the day of Eid ul Adha?

  • On the day of Eid ul Adha, Muslims should start with the Eid prayer, perform the Qurbani ritual if possible, share the meat with others, give to charity, and enjoy festive gatherings with loved ones.

10. How long does Eid ul Adha last?

  • Eid ul Adha is celebrated over a period of three days, starting on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and concluding on the 13th day of the month.

Eid ul Adha is a time of spiritual reflection, communal joy, and charitable giving. By embracing the customs and traditions of this auspicious occasion, Muslims around the world come together to honor the legacy of Prophet Ibrahim and strengthen their faith. May this Eid ul Adha bring peace, blessings, and happiness to all who celebrate it. Eid Mubarak!


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